About Rockville, MD

Rockville is the county seat of Montgomery County, Maryland, and is a part of the Baltimore-Washington metropolitan area. As of the 2020 census, Rockville’s population was 67,117 making it the fifth-largest city in Montgomery County.

History of Rockville, MD

Rockville, Maryland is a city that has a long and varied history. Situated in the Piedmont region and crossed by three creeks (Rock Creek, Cabin John Creek, and Watts Branch), Rockville provided an excellent refuge for semi-nomadic Native Americans as early as 8000 BC. These native people were attracted to the area because of the plentiful food sources, including sunflowers and marsh elder. By the first millennium BC, a few of these groups had settled down into year-round agricultural communities.

The first land patents in the Rockville area were obtained by Arthur Nelson between 1717 and 1735. He was responsible for the establishment of the first permanent buildings in what would eventually become the center of Rockville. Even though it was still a part of Prince George’s County, the growth of Daniel Dulaney’s Frederick Town prompted the separation of the western portion of the county, which included Rockville, into Frederick County in 1748.

The area that is now known as Rockville was first considered to be named Wattsville, after the nearby Watts Branch stream. However, it was later decided that the stream was too small to give its name to the town and, on July 16, 1803, the area was officially entered into the county land records with the name “Rockville”, derived from Rock Creek. Even so, the name Montgomery Court House continued to appear on maps and other documents through the 1820s.